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About Panipat
PANIPAT is an ancient and historic city in Haryana state, India. It is 90 km north from Delhi and 169 km south of Chandigarh on National Highway no -1. The three battles fought at the city were turning points in Indian history. The city is famous in India by the name of "City of Weaver". The first verse of the Bhagavad Gita is possibly referencing to Panipat as 'Dharmakshetra'

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According to the legend, Panipat was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the Pandava brothers during the times of the Mahabharata its historic name being Panduprastha. Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in the Indian history. The First Battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi, and the Timurid warlord Zaheeruddin Babur. Babur's force defeated Ibrahim's much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers. This First Battle of Panipat thus ended the 'Lodi Rule' established by Bahlul Lodhi in India

The Second Battle of Panipat was fought on 5 November 1556 between the forces of Akbar and Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, a King of North India, who belonged to Rewari in Haryana and had captured the large states of Agra and Delhi defeating Akbar's forces. This king, also known as Vikramaditya had won 22 battles against the Afghan rebels from 1553–1556 from Punjab to Bengal, and had his coronation at Purana Quila in Delhi on 7 October 1556 and had established 'Hindu Raj' in North India, before the 2nd battle of Panipat.Hem Chandra had a large army, and initially his forces were winning, but suddenly Hemu was struck by an arrow in the eye and he lost his senses. On not seeing him in his howdah on the back of an elephant, his army fled. He was later captured and beheaded by the Mughals. His head was sent to Kabul to be hanged outside Delhi Darwaza and torso was hanged outside Purana Quila in Delhi. This Second Battle of Panipat thus ended the 'Hindu Raj' established by Hemu in north India, albeit for a short period.

The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune. Ahmad Shah won but with a very heavy casualty rate on both sides. It resulted in the worst defeat of Marathas in their history. The war led to a power vacuum which later led to the British conquest of India. The famous Urdu shayar Maulana Hali was born in Panipat.

Geography
Panipat is located at 29°23′N 76°58′E29.39°N 76.97°E.[1] It has an average elevation of 219 meters (718 feet). Panipat is situated on Shershah Suri Marg (now known as G.T. road or NH-1), 90 KM north of Delhi. On three sides, Panipat district boundaries touch other districts of Haryana – Karnal in the north, Jind in the west and Sonipat in the south. Panipat district borders the state of Uttar Pradesh across the Yamuna River in the east. Panipat was a part of Karnal district until 31 October 1989. It was separated from Karnal, along with another subdivision, the Assandh Tehsil. When the district was re-formed on 1 January 1992, the Assandh tehsil was excluded. The newly constructed flyover across the Grand Trunk Road completed in the year 2008 is one of the longest flyovers in India.

Demographics
As per provisional data of 2013 census PANIPAT urban agglomeration had a population of 5307324, out of which males were 2844036 and females were 2463252 . The literacy rate was 81.75 per cent.

Industries
PANIPAT is a city of Textiles and Carpets. It is the biggest center for quality blankets and carpets in India and has a handloom weaving industry. In addition, Panipat city is the biggest centre of "Shoddy Yarn" in the World. Blankets prepared through Handloom and Power loom are sent to soldiers. The Samalkha subdivision of this district is famous for Foundry of Agriculture instruments. In this way, this district, which is continuously developing on the industrial base, has an unlimited employment capacity. Not only from Haryana but Businessmen and Engineers and unemployed worker artist Weavers and labour from other states of India visit here in search of employment and settle here permanently. PANIPAT also has heavy industry, with a refinery of the Indian Oil Corporation, a National Thermal Power Corporation power plant and a National Fertilizers Limited plant.

Some salient features of industry in Panipat include:

  • Three major public sector projects: the Indian Oil Corporation Oil refinery, the National Fertilizers Limited plant and the thermal power station.
  • Biggest centre in the country for producing shoddy (recycled) yarn, and a large consumer of rags for reprocessing.
  • Biggest centre in the country for producing low priced blankets, a traditional supplier of barrack blankets to the armed forces.
  • Biggest centre in the country engaged in export of cotton durries, made-ups, throws and mats.
  • Samalkha, a small town near Panipat, is known for foundry work and supply of agricultural machinery to other states of India..
  • Relatively high wages compared to the Indian national average – a worker earns Rs.200/- to 350/- per day on Handloom/ Power loom.
  • The town has infrastructure such as rail, road and inland container depots well suited to industry and export.
 
 
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